Interior Design Tendencies and Influences

What is Interior design? It is a field in which creative and technical ideas are materialized within an indoors space, in order to increase its aesthetic and utilitarian potential. There is no set standard of rules applied to interior design, the end result is more often than not the combination of the designer's vision for a particular project, and the customer's own input. Interior design can be implemented into office space and also take the form of home design. The term is frequently used interchangeably with interior decoration, however, there might be a few slight differences. You can learn more about the differences and similarities right here at

Home design covers all areas of a house, including the living room, bedrooms, kitchen, bathrooms and whatnot. There are many different interior design styles when going to design a room, Most styles of home design are named after the period in which they were originated, and divided into several subgroups. For instance, American colonial includes New England colonial, colonial cape cod, Spanish colonial, German colonial, Dutch colonial, Georgian colonial and French colonial house styles. Classical style home design includes federal and Adam, Greek revival, tidewater and Antebellum Architecture styles; while Victorian style is composed of Gothic revival, Italianate, second empire, Victorian stick, folk Victorian, Richardson Romanesque, Queen Anne, Eastlake, and Octagon home designs. Other home design periods are gilded age (Beaux Arts, renaissance revival, Tudor revival, neo-classical), Frank Lloyd Wright (prairie, usonian, hemicycle and organic designs), early 20th century (craftsman, bungalow, cotswold cottage, Spanish mission, American foursquare), post war (ranch, raised ranch, split-level ranch, lustron, eichler and Alexander houses) and modernist (art moderne, bauhaus, international, desert modernism, ´╗┐contemporary, a-frame and postmodern).

Needless to say that America does not have a monopoly on interior decoration or house designs. European interior decoration has also been very influential, particularly Italian baroque, Italian neoclassical , Italian Renaissance , and Italian rococo. Italian baroque is characterized by different types of furnishing such as gilded framed paintings and mirrors, cassoni (carved Italian chests), Florentine console tables and cabinets, as well as wooden tables in general and lion commodes. Another main baroque feature is quadratura, or the architectural illusion of opening up walls. Italian neoclassical involved Venetian mirrors, Louis XV inspired Venetian console tables, Lombard and Genoese commodes, and heavy and bulky, straight-legged, sculpted armchairs.

Renaissance style was pioneered by Venetian architect Andrea Palladio, who took his cues from Greek and Roman architecture. Even though all of his practical work is found in northern Italy, his theory, contained in I Quattro Libri dell'Architettura, is followed all across the Western hemisphere. Finally, Italian rococo interior design is graceful and charming, and it is best exemplified by the entrance hall of the Rococo Palazzina di Caccia di Stupinigi, or the rococo Sala Bianca of the Pitti Palace, in Florence.